Georges (Khodr) du Mont-Liban

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Le Métropolite Georges (Khodr) du Mont-Liban

Son Eminence, Mgr Georges (Khodr) de Byblos, Botris et du Mont-Liban est le métropolite de l'Archevêché de Byblos, Botris (Mont-Liban) de l'Église d'Antioche. Il est un des inspirateurs du renouveau de l'Église orthodoxe en Syrie et Liban dans la deuxième moitié du vingtième siècle.

"Théologien renommé, éditorialiste influent, homme d’ouverture très engagé dans le mouvement œcuménique et le dialogue avec l’islam, il est l’auteur d’une œuvre abondante." (Ed. du Cerf)

Sommaire

Vie

Mgr Georges Khodr est né à Tripoli (Liban) le 6 juillet 1923. He grew up in the Christian neighborhood of Harat El Nasarah in Lebanon’s second city, Tripoli. He attended St. Joseph University, a Jesuit institution, in Beirut, studying law in preparation of entering a diplomatic career. He graduated in 1944 with a license in law.

On March 16, 1942, George Khodr joined with fifteen students from the faculties of Law and Medicine in founding the Orthodox Youth Movement (known as MJO - mouvement de la jeunesse orthodoxe). This renewal movement became visible in a number of venues: the rebirth of monasticism, foundation of Bible study groups, witnessing among the working people, invigorating parish life, opening Christian hostels, and other religious and social activities.

He participated in a non-violent demonstration on November 11, 1943, against the French colonial government that was attempting to stifle the quest of the Lebanese people for independence. This demonstration ended in the government personnel firing upon the unarmed demonstrators, killing eleven.

In the early 1950s, George studied at the St. Sergius Orthodox Theological Institute in Paris, graduating with a diploma in 1952, and then returned to Lebanon. On December 19, 1954 he was ordained a priest and was assigned to the parish of the Port of Tripoli in 1955. During these year Fr. George was active as a theologian, pastor, and spiritual father. His reputation traveled beyond his diocese and established him as a theologian of note. In 1968, he was honored with doctorate honoris causa from the St. Vladimir's Orthodox Seminary in New York and in 1988 from the Faculty of Protestant Theology of Paris.

Fr. George remained at the Port of Tripoli parish until he was elected to the episcopate on February 15, 1970. In addition to his duties within his diocese, Metr. George has been involved deeply in the education field, working as a professor of Arab Culture in the Lebanese University and of pastoral theology in St. John of Damascus Institute of Theology of the University of Balamand. Metr. George has been active in the ecumenical movement and in dialogue with Islam, as well as representing the Church of Antioch in pan-Orthodox and ecumenical meetings.

Écrits

Mgr Georges a écrit beaucoup d'articles et livres.

En français

  • Georges Khodr, Et si je disais les chemins de l'enfance, Cerf, 1997 - ISBN : 2-204-05692-8 ; ISBN : 2-940042-09-8
  • Georges Khodr, L'Appel de l'Esprit. Église et société, Cerf, 2001 - ISBN : 2-204-06760-1 ; ISBN : 2-940042-22-5
  • contribution dans l'ouvrage collectif: Parole orthodoxe. Conversion - Au cœur de la foi - Communion ecclésiale - Prière et liturgie - Pâques, Cerf, 2000 - ISBN : 2-204-06577-3
  • contribution dans l'ouvrage collectif: Christianisme, judaïsme et islam. Fidélité et ouverture, Cerf, 1999 - ISBN : 2-204-06234-0
  • Mgr Kallistos Ware, Mgr Georges Khodr, Enzo Bianchi, Michel Stavrou, Claude Bérard, Christine Chaillot, Les richesses de l'Orient chrétien, 2001 - Introduction de Philipe Baud et Maxime Egger ; ISBN : 2-88011-222-2 ; ISBN : 2-940042-20-9
  • Georges Khodr, "Le témoignage de la douceur évangélique face au déchaînement des violences", dans le Supplément de la "Revue d'éthique et de théologie morale" n° 162 (Foi chrétienne et pouvoirs des hommes)

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