aucun résumé de modification
==Classement des Évêques==
Sacramentellement, tous les évêques sont égaux. Néanmoins, il existe des distinctions de rang administratives entre les évêques.
Le titre patriarche a été appliqué pour la première fois à l'origine aux évêques de Rome, d'Alexandrie, et d'Antioche et, peu de temps après de Constantinople et de Jérusalem. Beaucoup plus tard, le terme a été accordée aux chefs des autres Eglises importantes. L'importance de certaines Eglises, maintenant, peut être plus historique que réel.
Archbishops and Metropolitans ===
The title of archbishop or metropolitan may be granted to a senior bishop, usually one who is in charge of a large ecclesiastical jurisdiction. He may or may not have provincial oversight of suffragan bishops. He may or may not have [[auxiliary bishop]]s assisting him.
A bishop who does not rule his own diocese is either a Patriarchal Vicar or an Auxiliary Bishop.
Patriarchal Vicars ===
In the [[Church of Antioch]], a bishop who is in charge of a newly-created diocese on behalf of, and under the supervision of, the Patriarch of Antioch is called a Patriarchal Vicar. The diocese is usually kept under the direct control of the patriarch until it becomes self-supporting. Patriarchal Vicars are not members of the [[Holy Synod]], and do not answer to the Holy Synod.
The equivalent title in the Roman Catholic Church is Vicar Apostolic.
Auxiliary Bishops ===
Most Orthodox Churches allow themselves the capacity to appoint Auxiliary Bishops to assist ruling bishops within their own dioceses or archdioceses.
Auxiliary Bishops do not govern in their own right but only act as directed by their diocesan bishop.
Bishops who are assigned a title of ancient dioceses that no longer function are called Titular Bishops. The Diocese of Sourozh, the diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church, Moscow Patriarchate, in Great Britain and Ireland, is an example. However, generally, titular bishops are auxiliary bishops.
=== Special Forms ===